Mark revealed by the Jewish liturgy
What is a gospel? When was it composed? By whom and why?
Most experts will tell you that the gospels are the work of Hellenistic Christian communities located in Antioch, Ephesus or Rome, and that their primary role was to strengthen Christians in their faith in Christ the Savior. This position, however, is beginning to erode. More and more scholars believe that the gospels depend more closely on the background and language of the Jews, who were the first to profess that Jesus of Nazareth was the Christ, the Messiah of Israel. However, on the fringes of the academy and its debates, a small book published by Bayard in 1996 could decide: The word is very close to you , by Bernard Frinking. The author proposed to consider an entire gospel, that of Mark, as being a course of initiation into the faith and the Christian life designed to be learned over a liturgical cycle of one year, following the calendar and the feasts of Israel. Intrigued by this proposition, an evangelical Christian undertakes to verify everything, even if it means embarking in turn on the initiatory journey described by the author. It is on this path that a major surprise awaits him: that of discovering that the cycle of Mark is linked not only to the calendar and the festivals of Israel, but also to each of the pericopes of the Torah and the Prophets that we read every Sabbath in the synagogue. Obviously, the entire gospel text had been distributed on the calendar at the rate of two utterances per day, with the exception of Sabbaths, when a break was observed. It was therefore possible to register Marc's cycle with great precision in his calendar so as to reconstruct the entire learning program.
The author retraces each of the stages of the research which led him to thoroughly review his reading of a gospel. In a lively and clear style, it sheds new light on the origin of this tradition and its roots in the faith and culture of the Jews
Author: Denis Grenier